• The Date of the AD 79 Vesuvius eruption in the textual sources

    20-min. lecture from 6 January 2022, Archaeological Institute of America Annual Meeting. All details and data to be published in March 2022: https://www.routledge.com/Pliny-and-the-Eruption-of-Vesuvius/Foss/p/book/9780415705462

    Three clarifications/corrections:

    1) @ 3:40, when I say that gamma comprises 95% of extant Plinian manuscripts, I should have specified that this was 95% of all extant Plinian manuscripts that contain the Vesuvian letters.

    2) @11:20, the date of Biondo’s ms. should be ca. 1424-25.

    3) @12:05, I think that mss. c and q have a ‘nou’ with a long macron reading because c° contained both the ‘non’ (with a long macron) from Valla, and also the ‘nou’ from R1472, and either in that ms. or in its descendants, scribes were trying to reconcile those two options. Mss. c and q were both presentation copies (and have a number of errors), so their scribes were just trying to copy in a nice way what they saw in their exemplars, c° and q°. They weren’t necessarily trying to construe ‘November’, though that is a possibility. In either case, ‘November’ was not present in some dusty ancestor. It was contrived first, explicitly, by the r-editor in R1472–} r°.

  • Pliny and the Eruption of Vesuvius – publication March 2022

    _BookCoverPliny and the Eruption of Vesuvius (Routledge, March 2022) is in press. Here is how to order for your library at a 20% discount. My blog posts about the Vesuvius eruption are well obsolete, but I will leave them as-is for archival purposes. The book is about Letters 6.16 and 6.20, and contains these chapters:

    1. Two Plinys: Short biographies of the Elder and Younger Pliny, setting the context for the Vesuvian letters.
    2. Two Letters: A reconstruction of the transmission history of Epp. 6.16 and 6.20 within the context of the whole manuscript tradition of the Epistulae. This is based on the collation of every known and available extant manuscript and early printed edition of the text of those letters (which has never been done before).
    3. Two Days: A reconstruction—based on the latest volcanological studies and a new complete GIS model of the AD-79 topography of the Bay of Naples—of the eruption sequence, its effects upon the landscape and people of the Bay of Naples, and how those new studies enlighten the accounts in Pliny’s Epistulae, including the likely location of the Pliny’s villa from which the eruption was first spotted. In addition, this chapter treats the date of the eruption, both in the manuscript tradition, and in the archaeological evidence. It shows, among other things, how ‘November’ crept into the manuscript tradition as an error, how that error was propagated, and why the textual tradition cannot be used as a basis for arguing that the eruption happened in October or November, despite the repeated citation of problematic 17th-/18th-c. scholarship and recent press favoring a non-August date.
    4. Epistulae 6.16, The Elder’s Story: Text, textual variants, new translation, and detailed commentary.
    5. Epistulae 6.20, The Younger’s Story: Text, textual variants, new translation, and detailed commentary.

    Routledge will also host the data files behind the arguments in their Online Resources. Those will include:

    1. A side-by-side continuous Latin and English translation of Epp. 6.16, 6.20, including the collation markers (PDF).
    2. Ep. 6.16 Inventory of Sources and Collation (Excel spreadsheet).
    3. Ep. 6.20 Inventory of Sources and Collation (Excel spreadsheet).
    4. Epp. 6.16 and 6.20 Collation “Fingerprints” — the key readings that decipher the manuscript tradition (Excel spreadsheet).
    5. Select Collation of Epp. 1.8, 12, 23-24 — key readings to understand the manuscript tradition for Epp. 1.1-5.6 and the F source (PDF).
    6. Select Collation of Book 8 Letters — key readings to understand the manuscript tradition for the theta branch of the manuscript tradition (PDF).
    7. Collation Encoding Key (how manuscript abbreviations in items 2-6 are encoded in the collation spreadsheets) (PDF).
    8. Continuous Color Diagram for the Manuscript Tradition (PDF).
    9. Continuous Halftone Diagram of the Eruption Sequence (PDF).
    10. Geographic Information System (GIS) of the pre-eruption Bay of Naples in AD 79 (ArcGIS folder).

    Please cite my work appropriately. Thank you.

  • ROMARCH: Archaeologia Bulgarica ХХIII 2019 #2 Contents

    Archaeologia BulgaricaArchaeologia Bulgarica ХХIII 2019 #2
    table of contents

    Reho, M.: Two оinochoai by the Nikias Painter in the National
    Archaeological Museum in Sofia…1

    Georgiev, P. Y.: Archaeometric Research and Reconstruction of a Bronze
    Vessel from Kitova Burial Mound near the Village of Krushare,
    Municipality of Sliven….27

    Sharankov, N. / Hristov, I.: A Milestone of Emperor Philip the Arab from
    the Road Oescus – Philippopolis Found at the Eastern Wall of the
    castellum of Sostra…..57

    Dana, D. / Moreau, D. / Kirov, S. / Valeriev, I.: A New Greek Dedication
    from the Sanctuary of Telerig among the spolia at Zaldapa….71

    Doncheva, S.: Early Medieval Slotted Openwork Strap Ends with “S”-Shape
    Double Palmettes from Northeastern Bulgaria…..79

    Lyudmil Vagalinski (editor)

  • ROMARCH: Oscar Broneer Traveling Fellowship, 2020-21

    Image result for american academy rome logo

    Deadline: March 15, 2020

    The American Academy in Rome and the American School of Classical Studies at Athens award the Oscar Broneer Traveling Fellowship to encourage the study of the Greco-Roman world.

    Purpose: The Fellowship will be awarded for research in Greece and Italy in alternate years. For the 2020-2021 academic year, the Fellowship will be awarded for research in Italy. It is expected that the Fellow will use the American Academy in Rome (AAR) as a base from which to pursue work through trips to sites, museums, or repositories of materials relevant to the Fellow’s research.
    EligibilityFor the 2020-2021 fellowship year, only applicants previously at the American School of Classical Studies at Athens (ASCSA) are eligible for this Fellowship based at the AAR and for research based in Rome and Italy. Applicants must have spent a minimum of one month as a Member of the ASCSA at the time of application. Candidates must have an approved dissertation proposal or, if they already hold the Ph.D., they should be at the beginning of their teaching career and without tenure. Projects may focus on any period of study in the humanities, although preference will be given to topics dealing with classical antiquity.
    Terms: The Fellowship is awarded to one individual per year. It may be held at any time during the 2020-2021 academic year for a minimum of three and a maximum of six months. The award is for a maximum of $30,000, and is meant to cover expenses including housing at the host institution, travel (only one round-trip excursion from home base in U.S. or Europe to Rome and travel within Italy will be funded), and living expenses. Support from the host institution includes access to research facilities, invitations to various scholarly and other events, and access to other activities offered by the host institution. The award amount will be determined by the applicant’s approved budget. Applicants are urged to explore supplementary sources of support.  A final report is due at the end of the award period, and the AAR and ASCSA expect that copies of all publications that result from research conducted at AAR and ASCSA be contributed to their relevant libraries.
    Application: The application will consist of the candidate’s curriculum vitae, a detailed research proposal (maximum of three pages single spaced), a plan for travel connected with the project, a budget for all expenses including travel, housing, food, fees, and other living expenses, and proposed dates. Applicants should consult with the host institution for costs associated with housing, food, and fees. The selection committee, in evaluating the candidate’s proposal, will determine how reasonable and relevant the travel plan and budget appear in relation to the proposed research and the period of time requested for the Fellowship. Submit all application materials, including three letters of recommendation to the American Academy in Rome. Materials may be sent via email to Shawn Miller, Program Director at s.miller@aarome.org, or via ground mail addressed to Oscar Broneer Traveling Fellowship, c/o American Academy in Rome, 7 East 60th Street, New York, NY 10022.